A History of Biblical Interpretation, Volume 1: The Ancient by Alan J. Hauser, Duane F. Watson

By Alan J. Hauser, Duane F. Watson

Before everything look, it could possibly appear unusual that once greater than thousand years of biblical interpretation, there are nonetheless significant disagreements between biblical students approximately what the Jewish and Christian Scriptures say and approximately how one is to learn and comprehend them. but the variety of interpretive methods now to be had is the outcome either one of the richness of the biblical texts themselves and of adjustments within the worldviews of the groups and people who have sought to make the Scriptures proper to their very own time and position. A background of Biblical Interpretation offers particular and huge stories of the translation of the Scriptures by way of Jewish and Christian writers through the a long time. Written through across the world well known students, this multivolume paintings comprehensively treats the various various tools of interpretation, the various very important interpreters who've written in numerous eras, and the various key concerns that experience surfaced many times over the lengthy process biblical interpretation. this primary quantity of A historical past of Biblical Interpretation explores interpreters and their equipment within the historical interval, from the very earliest phases to the time whilst the canons of Judaism and Christianity won common popularity. the 1st a part of the e-book concentrates at the use of the Scriptures inside of Judaism. Chapters learn inner-biblical exegesis within the Tanak, the advance of the Septuagint, the exegetical strategy of Philo of Alexandria, biblical interpretation within the useless Sea Scrolls and the Targumim, the character of rabbinic midrash, the stabilization of the Hebrew Bible, and the translation of the Bible within the Jewish Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha.

The moment a part of the ebook probes issues particular to Christian interpretation of the biblical texts. Chapters the following speak about how Israel's Scriptures are utilized in the hot testomony writings, the hermeneutical methods of the Apostolic Fathers and the Apologists, Alexandrian and Antiochene exegesis, the contributions of Jerome and Augustine, the formation of the hot testomony canon, and the translation of Scripture within the New testomony Apocrypha and Gnostic writings. as well as those in-depth experiences, the amount features a enormous advent by means of the editors that offers readers either a vast assessment of the first concerns and lines of old biblical interpretation as taken care of during this quantity and a method of sampling the ways that the most important figures, colleges of interpretation, and concerns mentioned interweave and distinction with one another. modern, balanced, and engagingly written, this marvelous quantity -- and people to persist with -- will quickly turn into a regular source at the historical past of biblical interpretation.

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Extra resources for A History of Biblical Interpretation, Volume 1: The Ancient Period

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For instance, the Hebrew text of Gen. '" In the Palestinian Targum this becomes: After these things, after all the kingdoms of the earth had gathered together and had drawn up battle-lines against Abram and had fallen before him, and he had killed four kings from among them and had brought back nine encampments, Abram thought in his heart and said: "Woe, now, is me! Perhaps I have received the reward of the precepts in this world and there is no portion for me in the world to come. Or perhaps the brothers or relatives of those killed, who fell before me, will go and be in their fortresses and in their cities, and many legions will become allied with them and they will come against me and kill me.

The growing need in both Judaism and Christianity for an understanding of revealed Scripture as a unity has been discussed above. Clearly, the development of such a concept had already begun in DSS documents such as the Melchizedek Midrash, even if there was at this time no attempt (and apparently, no perceived need) to develop a closed list of books in order to articulate this concept in detail. If there is no clear line between text and interpretation, there is also no need to feel bound to the precise words of the sacred texts.

The Mishnah (oral Torah, codified and written down by Rabbi Judah in 200 CE) contained the sayings and teaching of the rabbis from the preceding several centuries, thereby presenting a developed and enriched understand- ing of the revelation from God. The Babylonian Talmud (500 CE) further expanded on this understanding of the revelation from God, adding as commentary on the Mishnah the much longer exposition called gemara ("completion"). Neither the Mishnah nor the Talmud, however, made a consistent attempt to link these teachings directly with the written Torah.

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