By Donald P. Kommers, John E. Finn
AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONAL legislation provides a complete examine the improvement of yank constitutional legislations from its early, seminal ultimate complaints (Marbury v. Madison) to the current. the excellent ebook is prepared usually, starting with governmental powers and concluding with civil rights and civil liberties. AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONAL legislations, quantity II, covers Chapters 8-14 of the great textual content facing civil rights and civil liberties.
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Additional resources for American constitutional law : essays, cases, and comparative notes [V. 2]
Franklin Roosevelt made no appointments in his first term, but had nine opportunities between 1937 and 1943. President Carter made no appointments to the Court, while President Reagan made three. W. Bush made two appointments in his one term, and President Clinton two appointments in two terms. President George W. Bush made two appointments to the Court. Bush nominated John Roberts as an associate justice to replace Justice Sandra Day O’Connor. Following the death of Chief Justice William Rehnquist on 3 September 2005, President Bush withdrew the nomination and instead nominated Roberts for the Chief Justiceship.
The Court’s rules give litigants some basic guidelines about what kinds of cases the Court is likely to entertain. The first cut in the caseload is made by law clerks. Clerks are typically law school graduates with distinguished academic records. Each justice has several clerks. The clerks review every petition and prepare summaries for their justices. Some justices have asked their clerks to combine their efforts—called the cert pool—to help offset the sheer number of petitions flooding the Court every year.
In all other cases the Court has ‘‘appellate’’ jurisdiction, with such exceptions and regulations as Congress shall make. The great majority of the cases the Court hears come to it under its appellate jurisdiction, or on appeal from a federal or state court. The Constitution does not itself create lower federal courts, instead entrusting their creation and organization to Congress. Congress first created a system of lower federal courts in the Judiciary Act of 1789. Just below the Supreme Court were three circuit—or appellate—courts, each serving a group of states.