American Psychiatry After World War II, 1944-1994 by Roy W. Menninger, John C. Nemiah

By Roy W. Menninger, John C. Nemiah

The historical past of psychiatry is complicated, reflecting various origins in mythology, cult ideals, astrology, early drugs, legislation faith, philosophy, and politics. This complexity has generated massive debate and an expanding outflow of ancient scholarship, starting from the enthusiastic meliorism of pre-World struggle II histories, to the iconoclastic revisionism of the Nineteen Sixties, to extra centred reports, reminiscent of the background of asylums and the validity and efficacy of Freudian conception. This quantity, meant as a successor to the centennial heritage of yank psychiatry released via the yank Psychiatric organization in 1944, summarizes the numerous occasions and procedures of the half-century following global conflict II. so much of this historical past is written by means of clinicians who have been valuable figures in it.

In large phrases, the background of psychiatry after the conflict should be seen because the tale of a biking series, moving from a predominantly organic to a psychodynamic point of view and again again—all possibly en path to an final view that's actually integrated—and interacting the entire whereas with public perceptions, expectancies, exasperations, and disappointments.

In six sections, Drs. Roy Menninger and John Nemiah and their colleagues hide either the continuities and the dramatic alterations of this era. the 1st 4 sections of the ebook are approximately chronological. the 1st part makes a speciality of the battle and its influence on psychiatry; the second one experiences postwar progress of the sector (psychoanalysis and psychotherapy, psychiatric schooling, and psychosomatic medicine); the 3rd recounts the increase of clinical empiricism (biological psychiatry and nosology); and the fourth discusses public attitudes and perceptions of public psychological healthiness coverage, deinstitutionalization, antipsychiatry, the patron circulate, and controlled care. The 5th part examines the advance of specialization and differentiation, exemplified via baby and adolescent psychiatry, geriatric psychiatry, dependancy psychiatry, and forensic psychiatry. The concluding part examines ethics, and girls and minorities in psychiatry.

Anyone attracted to psychiatry will locate this e-book a desirable learn.

Show description

Read Online or Download American Psychiatry After World War II, 1944-1994 PDF

Similar special topics books

The Rise and Fall of the Healthy Factory: The Politics of Industrial Health in Britain, 1914-60

This the first account of the emergence and death of preventive health and wellbeing take care of employees. It explores how exchange unions, employers, medical professionals and the govt. reconfigured the connection among healthiness, productiveness and the manufacturing unit over the process the 20th century inside a broader political, business and social context.

Lasers in Medicine

Using lasers in scientific perform has dramatically elevated through the years. Lasers and smooth optics have mostly been unexplored in scientific technological know-how. This contributed paintings is either positive and cautionary in its specialist overview of the state of the art scientific use of laser know-how. using lasers to enhance upon traditional perform is highlighted within the foreword via the overdue Dr.

Broadcasting Birth Control: Mass Media and Family Planning

Often, the heritage of the contraception circulate has been advised during the money owed of the leaders, businesses, and laws that formed the crusade. lately, historians have all started studying the cultural paintings of revealed media, together with newspapers, magazines, or even novels in fostering help for the reason.

Chest Wall Deformities and Corrective Procedures

​This e-book discusses predominantly pectus excavatum and pectus carinatum, its edition and the remedy modalities on hand, together with minimally invasive surgical procedure. this can support to extend information of the to be had cures to medical professionals and healthcare employees yet also will aid trainee cardiac and thoracic surgeons.

Extra info for American Psychiatry After World War II, 1944-1994

Sample text

Followup studies have shown that very few of the identified heroin users in Vietnam continued their drug use in America, and that most who did had the addiction prior to going to Vietnam (Robins 1973). A central screening mechanism of out-of-combat evacuees allows early recognition of potential evacuation syndromes ( Jones and Johnson 1975). For a summary of these and other psychiatric lessons of war, see Table 1–1. Psychiatric Lessons of World War II (1941–1945) World War II, placing extraordinary psychological and physiological stresses on combat participants, helped promote the integration of the psychological, social, and biological approaches coming into prominence at that time, and this integration ultimately led to the current biopsychosocial model of illness and wellness (Erikson 1950).

A second paradox was the development of greatly increased rates of psychosis in army troops ( Jones and Johnson 1975). Datel (1976) showed that this was a worldwide phenomenon of all active-duty personnel but especially of army troops. Like the total neuropsychiatric incidence rate, the psychosis rate also peaked after active combat. Previous experience had shown only minor increases in psychoses during wartime. In both combat and noncombat situations, the rate of psychosis had remained stable at around 2 or 3 per 1,000 troops per year (Glass 1973).

A second paradox was the development of greatly increased rates of psychosis in army troops ( Jones and Johnson 1975). Datel (1976) showed that this was a worldwide phenomenon of all active-duty personnel but especially of army troops. Like the total neuropsychiatric incidence rate, the psychosis rate also peaked after active combat. Previous experience had shown only minor increases in psychoses during wartime. In both combat and noncombat situations, the rate of psychosis had remained stable at around 2 or 3 per 1,000 troops per year (Glass 1973).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.21 of 5 – based on 23 votes