By Stephanie Cronin
In fresh years sour controversies have erupted throughout Europe and the center East approximately women’s veiling, and particularly their donning of the face-veil or niqab. but the deeper matters contained inside those controversies – secularism as opposed to non secular trust, person freedom as opposed to social or kinfolk coercion, identification as opposed to integration – aren't new yet are strikingly prefigured through previous conflicts. This e-book examines the state-sponsored anti-veiling campaigns which swept throughout vast swathes of the Muslim global within the interwar interval, specifically in Turkey and the Balkans, Iran, Afghanistan and the Soviet republics of the Caucasus and important Asia. It exhibits how veiling used to be formally discouraged and ridiculed as backward and, even though it was once hardly ever banned, veiling used to be politicized and become a rallying-point for a much wider competition. Asking a few questions about this past anti-veiling discourse and the guidelines flowing from it, and the reactions which it provoked, the publication illuminates and contextualizes modern debates approximately gender, Islam and modernism.
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Extra resources for Anti-Veiling Campaigns in the Muslim World: Gender, Modernism and the Politics of Dress
Unveiling became a battleground on which enemies of the sponsoring regimes might mobilize a more general opposition. For the secular elites, unveiling remained a signifier of modernity. For their opponents, unveiling became symptomatic of a loss of cultural integrity and a weakening of religious feeling, the last means by which European power might be resisted. Each anti-veiling campaign of the interwar period has received its share of attention, but analysis has always remained largely within the confines of a national framework.
Pages cm – (Durham modern Middle East and Islamic world series) Includes bibliographical references and index. 1. Hijab (Islamic clothing) 2. Veils-Religious aspects-Islam. 3. Hijab (Islamic clothing)-Government policy. 4. Clothing and dress-Political aspects-Islamic countries. 5. Muslim women-Social conditions. I. Cronin, Stephanie. 48’697-dc23 2013040891 ISBN: 978-0-415-71138-8 (hbk) ISBN: 978-1-315-88455-4 (ebk) Typeset in Times New Roman by Taylor & Francis Books Contents List of Figures List of Contributors Acknowledgments Note on transliteration Introduction: Coercion or empowerment?
Arab reformers in Cairo and Muslims in the Balkans looked to Istanbul for inspiration. Across the Arab, Ottoman and Iranian worlds, across the Caucasus and Central Asia, and among the Muslim communities of the Balkans, reformers, operating within a newly integrated transnational Muslim intellectual environment, identified the same problem of ‘backwardness’ resulting from the same general and specific causes, and proposed the same remedies. It was, however, not only those advocating change and critiquing the veil who drew sustenance from opinion across the Muslim world.